This briefing paper analyzes torture and CIDT from a gender perspective in order to support recognition of certain reproductive rights violations as torture or CIDT. It also provides an overview of the evolving legal standards applicable to specific reproductive rights violations, including abuse in healthcare settings, coercive sterilization, denial of medical care (such as access to safe, legal abortion and post-abortion care), mistreatment and violence in detention and other custodial settings, and FGM.
Case studies are included throughout the briefing paper to demonstrate the severity of harm caused by these reproductive rights violations, the complicity of the state in the violations, and the unjustified policy decisions that underlie them.
This briefing paper is a tool for advocates, lawyers, decision-makers, and other key stakeholders working on women’s human rights to assist them in framing reproductive rights violations as torture or CIDT. It aims to further the legal standards in this area and contribute to the recognition of certain reproductive rights violations as torture or CIDT by courts and human rights bodies at the national, regional, and international levels.