California-based WILD for Human Rights, Justice Now, Legal Services for Prisoners With Children, and the Transgender Gender Variant and Intersex Justice Project welcome the opportunity to comment on the second and third Periodic Report of the United States of America to the United Nations Committee on Human Rights concerning its compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), submitted in October 2005. This report will examine identity based discrimination in the California prison system, the failures of medical care, sexual violence and misconduct, and egregious conditions of confinement facing youth. It will highlight the gravity of human rights concerns facing California’s imprisoned populations, as the mistreatment of inmates has resulted in a spectrum of abuses that particularly impact marginalized populations including transgender persons, women!, the elderly, youth, the disabled, and the mentally ill. This report also demonstrates that prisoners face multiple forms of discrimination and subjection to violence based on their gender and racial identities, economic status, age and sexual orientation. California not only houses a prison population that is 1/10 that of the nation’s incarcerated, but historically the state also has influenced the political landscape and social policies of the rest of the country.