ICCPR Shadow Report: Shackling Pregnant Women

The Shackling of Incarcerated Pregnant Women: A Human Rights Violation Committed Regularly in the United States

The United States is one of the few countries in the world that continues to shackle pregnant women, a practice that increases substantial medical risks of childbirth and is a painful, demeaning, and needlessly punitive practice that is rarely necessary for safety. The majority of U.S. jails lack OB/GYN services, policies on pre-natal care, and adequate nutrition and hygiene conditions for pregnant women. Although since the last periodic review there have been some significant improvements on policies related to restraining pregnant women, it continues due to lack of enforcement, training, and impunity for violations.



University of Chicago Law School International Human Rights Clinic & Coalition
ICCPR, Shadow Reports, shackling, shackling pregnant women