Discrimination of the Legal Profession (CERD Shadow Report, 2008)

Persistent barriers to inclusion of racial minorities in the legal profession in the United States constitute race discrimination in education and in employment and lack of equality before the law and in the administration of justice. The serious under-representation of racial minorities in the legal profession is caused in part by continuing overuse of law school admissions and attorney licensing tests with significant disparate impacts on African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian-Americans. Instead of addressing the racial imbalance in the legal profession or the misuse of these discriminatory tests, the United States government, through the Department of Education and, ironically, the Civil Rights Commission, is using its control over accreditation of law schools to undermine efforts to establish greater racial diversity in legal education and in the legal profession.