Civil Remedies (CERD Shadow Report, 2008)

This report focuses on three major areas where the United States has failed to meet its obligations under the CERD. First, Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, two critical laws designed to protect people against racial discrimination, have essentially been gutted by recent Supreme Court cases. Second, another vital civil rights law, 42 U.S.C. §1983, has equally been eroded by the Court. The result is that the doors to the courthouse are closed to thousands of people discriminated against based on their race. Third, while countless individuals may not vindicate their own civil rights, the federal government can step in and protect them from racial discrimination. But, it does not, thereby leaving people in the United States without adequate remedies to address rights violations.