Implementing ICERD: Using Human Rights to Demand Racial Justice
The US Human Rights Network is dedicated to advancing racial justice using a human rights framework. We provide educational resources, organize and coordinate groups in the use of human rights standards in particular those in the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD or more commonly, CERD).
The U.S. will be reviewed on its compliance with ICERD in August 2014! Click here to learn important dates related to the CERD review as well as other human rights reviews.
Our work on CERD is coordinated by the CERD Taskforce, which serves as the primary coordinating body for social justice groups and individuals interested in using the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) to advance racial justice in the United States.
ICERD Suggested Shadow Report Template (2014)
The U.S. Government submitted its report on ICERD to the UN in June 2013.
Summary of U.S. Government report
Factsheet comparing CERD to US Civil Rights Law
2008 Shadow Reports submitted through USHRN
2008 CERD Annotated Concluding Observations
Resources on how to write a shadow report: 10-Step Guide, PowerPoint, and Audio
What is CERD?
CERD is one of the few human rights treaties that the United States has ratified (formally accepted), and its standards are higher than those contained in domestic civil rights law and better suited to address contemporary forms of discrimination. The Network and its members are working to fully implement CERD by educating the public about U.S. Government obligations under the treaty and engaging our membership in the effective use of the treaty to promote human rights at home.
CERD is a human rights treaty designed to protect individuals and groups from discrimination based on race, whether the discrimination is intentional or is the result of seemingly neutral policies. The United States ratified CERD in 1994 and is therefore bound by all provisions of the treaty, which includes a periodic compliance review conducted by the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (the Committee, and sometimes referred to as the CERD Committee).
CERD is monitored by the Committee (an independent body of experts), which reviews regular reports of States parties (governments) on how the treaty is being implemented. Governments must report initially one year after acceding to the Convention and then whenever the Committee requests (usually every four years). The Committee meets in Geneva and New York and holds three sessions per year.
The U.S. Government is due to release its third report (which is a combination of its seventh, eighth and ninth periodic reports in one document) to the Committee in June 2013. As part of the reporting process, but more generally as part of getting ICERD implemented in the United States, the Network launched a national call for the Obama Administration to adopt a National Plan of Action for Racial Justice on March 21, 2013. This is also the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. We call on and encourage organizations and individuals to support our action and become involved in the ICERD reporting and implementation process. Learn More About the National Plan of Action for Racial Justice.
USHRN Background on CERD
The USHRN CERD Project was created to ensure that the CERD Committee’s second review of the United States, which took place in Geneva in February 2008, included full and accurate information about the current human rights situation in the United States beyond the formal report submitted by the U.S. Government. The project’s key initial objective was to coordinate the production of a comprehensive shadow report that was presented to the CERD Committee during the review process. As a result of the USHRN’s coordination, and robust engagement from members and partners, the 2008 CERD review had an unprecedented level of participation from the social justice community. Many of the findings in the shadow report were directly reflected in the committee’s Concluding Observations.
Throughout 2008, the USHRN monitored the United States Government’s response to the concerns listed in the Concluding Observations in preparation for the one-year follow-up report that the government submitted to the CERD Committee in January 2009. The Network coordinated a response the U.S. follow-up report that the CERD committee received in June; other Network members submitted responses directly to the committee, also in June. Additional follow-up activities coordinated by the Network’s CERD Taskforce were planned throughout the year and informed the Universal Periodic Review process that took place in 2010.
Other CERD Project objectives include demonstrating the effectiveness of using an international human rights procedure to advance domestic advocacy agendas; educating the public about the human rights framework, particularly with regard to U.S. obligations to combat racial discrimination; increasing the capacity of domestic human rights and social justice organizations to use CERD and other treaties as well as the human rights framework to inform their advocacy; and strengthening the domestic human rights movement overall to better influence U.S. policy.
Other USHRN work on racial justice includes:
The Network has an official listserv for the CERD project in order to facilitate the general planning and information sharing on the implementation of CERD in the U.S.